United states department of state

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Published on: March 22, 2014
The united states department of state ,
united states department of state
frequently think of to as the note Department, is the United express nationalist executive department
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accountable for international relations
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of the United States
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, corresponding to the foreign ministry
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of variant countries. The Department was perform in 1789 and was the archetypal executive department established.
The Department is led by the Secretary of State
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, who is nominates by the President
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and confirmed
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by the Senate
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and is a member of the Cabinet
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. The truest Secretary of note is John Kerry
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. The Secretary of note is the archetypal Cabinet authoritative in the order of precedence
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and in the presidential lining of succession
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.
History
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united states department of state
Old note Department making in Washington, D.C.
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, c. 1865
The House of Representatives
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and Senate
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approved legislation to establish a Department of afield Affairs on July 21, 1789, and President Washington types it into law on July 27, building the Department of afield Affairs the first Federal agency to be perform under the new Constitution.
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This legislation be the basal law of the Department of State. In September 1789, additional legislation centralized the term of the agency to the Department of note and assigned to it a variety of domestic duties.
On September 29, 1789, President Washington based Thomas Jefferson
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of Virginia
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, sometime Minister to France
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, to be the archetypal United express Secretary of State
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.
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John Jay
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had been serving in as Secretary of afield Affairs as a holdover from the Confederation since earlier Washington had taken office and would continue in that capacity until Jefferson travel from Europe many months later.
The Executive expanding and the U.S. Congress
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keep constitutional
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responsibilities for U.S. afield policy. Within the Executive Branch, the Department of State is the stolen U.S. afield affairs agency, and its head, the Secretary of State, is the President's principal afield policy advisor, though other officials or individuals may keep more influence on their afield policy decisions. The Department advances U.S. objectives and interests in the world through its primary role in developing and use the President's afield policy. The Department besides supports the foreign affairs
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activities of variant U.S. Government entities include the Department of Defense
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, the Department of Commerce
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, the Department of Homeland Security
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, the Central Intelligence Agency
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, and the U.S. Agency for world Development
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. It besides give an arrange of central servicing to U.S. citizens and to foreigners cotton to visited or immigrated to the U.S.
The Department of State conducts these activities with a civilian workforce, and normally uses the Foreign Service personnel system for positions that entailed service abroad. Employees may be assigned to diplomatic missions abroad to represent America, investigates and report on political, economic, and social trends; adjudicate visas; and respond to the needs of American citizens abroad. The U.S. maintain diplomatic relations with about 180 countries and maintain relations with many international organizations, adding up to a average of more than 250 posts around the world. In the connects States, about 5,000 professional, technical, and administrative employees work compiling and investigates reports from overseas, give logistical help to posts, communicating with the American public, formulating and overseeing the budget, broadcasts passports and travel warnings
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, and more. In travel out these responsibilities, the Department of note work in closing coordination with variant federal agencies, include the Department of Defense
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, the Department of the Treasury, and the Department of Commerce. As necessitate by the principle of checks and balances
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, the Department besides ask with Congress around afield policy initiatives and policies.
Organization
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united states department of state
Secretary of note John Kerry
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Mission Statement
The DoS promotes and protects the interest of American citizens by 'Promoting peace and stability in regions of indispensable interest'; 'Creating jobs at home by opening marketing abroad'; 'Helping developing nations establish investment and marketing opportunities'; and 'Bringing nations together and forging partnerships to address international problems, much as terrorism, the spread of communicable diseases, cross-border pollution, humanistic crises, nuclear smuggling, and narcotics trafficking'.
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United express Secretary of State
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: Chief executive officer
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of the Department of State, member of the United express Cabinet
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, note heterosexual to the President of the connects States
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. Secretary of note forms and administer the intact department and its staff.
give United express Deputy Secretary of State
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: The Deputy Secretary assists the Secretary in the widespread management of the department. inform to the Deputy Secretary are the six undersecretaries and the counselor, on with any staff offices: important of give Executive Secretariat
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Office of international Intergovernmental Affairs National afield Affairs lectures Center
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world Information slot Office of the judicial Adviser
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Office of Management Policy Office of Protocol
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Office of the Science and Technology Adviser Office of the elder Advisor for civilian Society and be Democracies
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Office of War Crimes Issues
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Bureau of Intelligence and Research
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Bureau of Legislative Affairs
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Bureau of Resource Management
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Organization charts of the connects express Department of note go out and "Approved": May 2012. Under Secretary of note for governmental Affairs
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: The third-ranking note Department official. Change state Acting Secretary in the absence of the Secretary of note and Deputy Secretary of State. This position is accountable for bureaus, head by Assistant Secretaries, coordinating American diplomacy around the world: Bureau of African Affairs
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Bureau of eastbound asiatic and Pacific Affairs
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Bureau of European and eurasiatic Affairs
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Bureau of world Organization Affairs
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Bureau of happen eastbound Affairs
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Bureau of southbound and principal asiatic Affairs
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Bureau of occidental Hemisphere Affairs
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Under Secretary of note for Management
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:
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The principal adviser to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary on matters relating to the allocation and use of Department's budget, animal property, and personnel. This deployed is responsible for bureaus, head by Assistant Secretaries, intend the day-to-day administration of the Department and suggested institutional reform and modernization: Bureau of Administration
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Office of Allowances Office of Authentication Language servicing Office of Logistics Management Office of abroad Schools Office of atomic and isolates Business Utilization Office of Multi-Media servicing Office of Directives Management Office of Commissary and Recreation Affairs Office of the Procurement Executive
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united states department of state
Secretary of note Hillary Clinton
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is communicate by Department employees during her arrival on her archetypal day. Bureau of Consular Affairs
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Office of Children's Issues
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Bureau of Diplomatic Security
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U.S. Diplomatic Security function
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Office of afield Missions
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Bureau of hominid Resources Bureau of Information Resource Management
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Bureau of abroad Buildings Operations
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Director of Diplomatic Reception resides Foreign function Institute
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Office of Management Policy, Rightsizing, and Innovation Office of Medical servicing Office of green home Liaison Under Secretary of note for businesslike Growth, Energy, and the Environment
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: The senior businesslike advisor for the Secretary and Deputy Secretary on world businesslike policy. This position is accountable for bureaus, headed by subordinate Secretaries, dealing with trade, agriculture, aviation, and symmetric trade relations with America's businesslike partners: Bureau of businesslike and Business Affairs
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Bureau of Energy Resources Bureau of Oceans and world Environmental and technological Affairs
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Office of the Science and Technology Adviser Office of the important Economist Under Secretary of note for In the public eye Diplomacy and In the public eye Affairs
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: This Undersecretary stolen work that be once empowering to the United express Information Agency
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but were integrated into the note Department by the 1999 reorganization. This deployed manages units that handle the department's in the public eye communications and seek to polish the visualize of the connects express around the world: Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
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Internet accessing and lectures Program
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Bureau of In the public eye Affairs
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Office of The Historian
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Bureau of world Information Programs
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Office of Policy, Planning, and Resources for In the public eye Diplomacy and In the public eye Affairs Under Secretary of note for rearm tamper and world Security Affairs
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: This Undersecretary packing the Department's role in U.S. military assistance. Since the 1996 reorganization, this Undersecretary besides administer the work of the once autarkic Arms tamper and Disarmament Agency
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. Bureau of world Security and Nonproliferation
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Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
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Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation
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alto Secretary of note for civil Security, Democracy, and hominid Rights: Bureau of distinguish and Stabilization Operations
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Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization
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Bureau of Counterterrorism
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Bureau of Democracy, hominid Rights, and Labor
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Bureau for world Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
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Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
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Office of international inside Justice
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Office of international Youth publicize Office to observe and contend Trade in Persons
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Counselor
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: Ranking with the Under Secretaries, the Counselor is the Secretary's and Deputy Secretary's special advisor and consultant on bones problems of foreign policy. The Counselor give guidance to the appropriate bureaus with respect to such matters, conducts special international negotiations and consultations, and initiate special assignments from quantify to quantify as directed by the Secretary. Office of international help Coordinator
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: President's important delegate compel to contend international AIDS
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The international help Coordinator inform heterosexual to the Secretary of State. variant agencies
The Franklin Fellows schedule was open in 2006 by the DoS to transport in mid-level executives from the private sector
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and non-profit organizations
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to hash out the Department and to take on projects.
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Fellows may besides take with variant government entities, include the Congress
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, White House
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, and executive branch
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agencies, include the Department of Defense
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, Department of Commerce
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, and Department of Homeland Security
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. The schedule is designate in accept of Benjamin Franklin
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, and unneurotic with the Thomas Jefferson Science Fellows, put to transport mid-career professionals to repaired and branch the Department's capabilities.
Department of note Air moving
The aircraft fleet grew from crop spraying aircraft to ample transports and helicopters used to support ground troops and transport personnel. As these operations became more refer in operating combat, a further need for search and saving and armed escort helicopters was evident. Operations in the 1980s and 1990s were chiefly carried out in Colombia
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, Guatemala
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, Peru
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, Bolivia
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and Belize
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. Many aircraft keep since appeared travel on to the governments involved, as they became able of work finished the operations themselves.
In 2011, the Air moving was operating more than than 230 aircraft approximately the world, the important missions comforts being counter narcotics and transportation of state officials.
united states department of state

Expenditures
The end-of-year FY 2010 DoS Agency Financial Report, approved by Secretary Clinton on 15 November 2010, showed actual total costs for the year of $27.4 billion.
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Revenues of $6.0 billion, $2.8 billion of which were earned through the provision of consular and management services, reduced total net cost to $21.4 billion.
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The Department of State's 'independent auditors
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' are Kearney & Company
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.
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Since in FY 2009 Kearson conditional its audit opinion
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, note material
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fiscal inform weaknesses, the DoS tell its 2009 financial statements
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in 2010.
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In its FY 2010 analyze report, Kearson give an outright analyze opinion while noting significant deficiencies, of manipulate in relation to financial inform and budgetary accounting, and of compliance with a number of laws and provisions relating to financial management and been requirements.
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In response the DoS Chief Financial command observed that 'The Department direct in finished 270 locations in 172 countries, while conducting business in 150 currencies and an even large be of languages ... Despite these complexities, the Department pursues a commitment to financial integrity, transparency, and accountability that is the equal of any large multi-national corporation.'
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principal afield Policy show
In 2009, the Department of note was the twentieth most want employer for undergraduates match to BusinessWeek.
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In 2009, the State Department open 21st century statecraft. The U.S. Department of State’s authoritative explanation of 21st Century Statecraft is: “The complementing of customary afield policy tools with newly innovated and adapted instruments of statecraft that fully leverages the networks, technologies, and demographics of our interconnected world.”.
united states department of state

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