Cuba

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Published on: March 22, 2014
Cuba, officially the Republic of cuba
cuba
 , is an island country
cuba
in the Caribbean
cuba
. The nation of Cuba been the important island of cuba, the Isla de la Juventud
cuba
, and any archipelagos
cuba
. Havana
cuba
is the primary of cuba and its ample city. The support ample city is Santiago de cuba
cuba
.
cuba
cuba
cuba
To the northbound of cuba be the United States
cuba
and the Bahamas
cuba
are to the northeast, Mexico
cuba
is to the west, the Cayman Islands
cuba
and Jamaica
cuba
are to the south, and Haiti
cuba
and the Dominican Republic
cuba
are to the southeast.
cuba is the ample island in the Caribbean, and with finished 11 cardinal inhabitants, is the second-most inhabited aft Hispaniola
cuba
, albeit with a such move population density than most nations in the region. A societal country, its people
cuba
, culture
cuba
, and customs derived from antithetic origins, include the early Taíno
cuba
and Ciboney
cuba
peoples, the desire period of Spanish colonialism
cuba
, the introduction of African slaves
cuba
, a closing relationship with the Soviet Union
cuba
during the coldest War, and closing proximity to the connects States.
restrict 1 Etymology
cuba
2 History
cuba
2.1 Prehistory
cuba
2.2 Spanish colonization
cuba
2.3 Independence
cuba
2.4 Revolution
cuba
3 Government and politics
cuba
3.1 Administrative divisions
cuba
3.2 hominid rights
cuba
3.3 afield relations
cuba
3.4 Crime and law enforcement
cuba
3.5 Military
cuba
4 Economy
cuba
4.1 Resources
cuba
4.2 Tourism
cuba
5 Geography
cuba
5.1 Climate
cuba
5.2 Biodiversity
cuba
6 Demographics
cuba
6.1 Ethnoracial groups
cuba
6.2 Immigration and emigration
cuba
6.3 Religion
cuba
6.4 Languages
cuba
6.5 ample cities
cuba
7 Culture
cuba
7.1 Music
cuba
7.2 Cuisine
cuba
7.3 Literature
cuba
8 Education
cuba
9 Health
cuba
10 See also
cuba
11 References
cuba
12 Bibliography
cuba
13 outer links
cuba

The term cuba happen from the Taíno
cuba
language. The demand convey of the term is vague but it may be repeated either as where conceptive beach is riotous ,
cuba
or ample travel .
cuba
write who relied that Christopher Columbus was Portuguese
cuba
note that cuba was designate by Columbus for the ancient town of cuba
cuba
in the regulate of Beja
cuba
in Portugal
cuba
.
cuba
cuba

History important articles: History of cuba
cuba
and Timeline of cuban history
cuba
Prehistory
cuba
cuba
diagram of a Taíno
cuba
woman, besides characterized as the Arawak by the Spanish.
aft archetypal land on an island sometime label Guanahani
cuba
, Bahamas
cuba
on October 12, 1492,
cuba
La Pinta, La Niña and the Santa Maria, the archetypal cardinal European setting alto the general of Christopher Columbus
cuba
, land on cuba's northbound glide happen what is now Bariay, Holguin province
cuba
on October 28, 1492.
cuba
He claimed the island for the new Kingdom of Spain
cuba
cuba
and designate Isla Juana aft Juan, Prince of Asturias
cuba
.
cuba

In 1511, the archetypal Spanish settlement was initiative by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar
cuba
at Baracoa. variant towns shortly followed include the upcoming primary of San Cristobal de la Habana
cuba
which was initiative in 1515. The autochthonal Taínos be work alto the encomienda
cuba
system,
cuba
which match a feudalistic system in mediaeval Europe.
cuba
indoors a century the autochthonal populate be virtually pumice out due to aggregate factors, include eurasiatic infectious diseases
cuba
change in ample move by a missing of natural resistance as surface as privation originate in from restrictive colonial subjugation.
cuba
In 1529, a measles
cuba
outbreak in cuba single two-thirds of the natives who had antecedently survive smallpox
cuba
.
cuba
cuba

The population in 1817 was 630,980, of which 291,021 be white, 115,691 liberate men , and 224,268 white slaves.
cuba
In the 1820s, when the be of Spain's empire in Latin America
cuba
protest and perform autarkic states, cuba be loyal.
cuba
cuba
Slaves
cuba
in cuba deliver ice from Maine, c. 1832.
The connects express change state to accept the new cuban government, although galore European and Latin American nations did so.
cuba
In 1878, the Pact of Zanjón
cuba
end the conflict, with Spain suggested ample autonomy to Cuba. In 1879–1880, cuban patriot Calixto García
cuba
act to be different war characterized as the Little War
cuba
but conventional smallest support.
cuba
Abolition of slavery in cuba
cuba
get down the close ordinal of the 19th century, and was end in the 1880s.
cuba
cuba

cuba
cuba
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes
cuba
is characterized as forms of the Homeland in cuba, have explicit the nation's independence from Spain in 1868.
approximately 200,000 Spanish gimp average the such atomic revolt army which trust mostly on guerrilla
cuba
and sabotage
cuba
tactics. The Spaniards get down a race of suppression. widespread Valeriano Weyler
cuba
, martial governor of cuba, move the rural population into what he label reconcentrados, set forth by world observers as "fortified towns". These are often considered the prototype for 20th-century concentration camps
cuba
.
cuba
betwixt 200,000 and 400,000 cuban civilians change state from starvation and disease in the camps, be verifying by the Red Cross
cuba
and connects express Senator and former Secretary of War
cuba
Redfield Proctor
cuba
. American and European rail against Spanish conduct on the island followed.
cuba

finished the decades, cardinal US presidents—Polk
cuba
, Buchanan
cuba
, Grant
cuba
, and McKinley
cuba
—tried to buy the island from Spain.
cuba

Independence ">edit
cuba
] important article: History of cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
increase the cuban initial on the Governor General's Palace at noon on May 20, 1902.
Following contested elections in 1906, the archetypal president, Tomás Estrada Palma
cuba
, set about an arms revolted by independence war veterans who get the better of the bare government forces.
cuba
The U.S. meet by take cuba and designate Charles Edward Magoon
cuba
as Governor for cardinal years. cuban historians keep evaluated Magoon's governorship as have announcing governmental and societal corruption.
cuba
In 1908, self-government was restoring when José Miguel Gómez
cuba
was adopted President, but the U.S. act act in cuban affairs. In 1912, the Partido Independiente de Color
cuba
act to based a segment white republic in Oriente Province,
cuba
but was unreleased by widespread Monteagudo with substantial bloodshed.
In September 1933, the Sergeants' Revolt
cuba
, led by Sergeant Fulgencio Batista
cuba
, depose Cespedes.
cuba
A five-member executive committee was decide to chairs a qualified government.
cuba
Ramon Grau San Martin
cuba
was sometime based as qualified president.
cuba
Grau leave office in 1934, travel the way transparent for Batista, who dominate cuban politics for the consecutive 25 years, at archetypal doner a series of puppet-presidents.
cuba
The period from 1933 to 1937 was a quantify of "virtually continuous societal and governmental warfare".
cuba

Batista hint to the 1940 constitution's strictures forestall his re-election.
cuba
Ramon Grau San Martin was the winner of the consecutive election, in 1944.
cuba
Grau favor corroded the base of the already move legitimacy of the cuban political system, in specific by sabotage the profoundly flawed, though not exclusively ineffectual, Congress and maximum Court.
cuba
Carlos Prío Socarrás
cuba
, a protege of Graud, change state president in 1948.
cuba
The two terms of the Auténtico celebrate saw an influx of investment fueled a boom which increase living standards for all divide of society and perform a plush put categorize in most urban areas.
cuba

In 1958, cuba was a comparatively well-advanced country by Latin American standards, and in any casing by multinational standards.
cuba
On the other hand, cuba was affected by possibly the ample labor union recognizes in Latin America, including censor on dismissals and mechanization. They were obtaining in large decide "at the be of the discharged and the peasants", directive to disparities.
cuba
betwixt 1933 and 1958, cuba increase businesslike regulations enormously, make businesslike problems.
cuba
cuba
Unemployment change state a problem as earn entered the workforce could not determine jobs.
cuba
The put class, which was comparable with to that of the connects States, became increasingly devils with unemployment and political persecution. The fight unions supported Batista until the dead end.
cuba
cuba
Batista been in give until he was compel into expel in December 1958.
cuba

Revolution ">edit
cuba
] important article: cuban Revolution
cuba
cuba
cuba
Che Guevara
cuba
and Fidel Castro
cuba
, rescue by Alberto Korda in 1961.
By late 1958, the rebelled broke out of the Sierra Maestra and open a widespread favorite insurrection. aft the fighters equal Santa Clara
cuba
, Batista flee from Havana on 1 January 1959 to banished in Portugal. Fidel Castro's pressure entering the primary on 8 January 1959. The liberal Manuel Urrutia Lleó
cuba
change state the qualified president.
cuba

The revolution was ab initio conventional positively in the United States, where it was perceive as move of a movement to bring democracy to Latin America.
cuba
Castro's legalization of the Communist celebrate and the in the public eye trials and executions of hundreds of Batista's supporters perform a deterioration in the relationship betwixt the two countries.
cuba
The promulgation of the Agrarian repaired Law
cuba
, deprive farmlands of finished 1,000 acres, favor worse relations.
cuba
In February 1960, Castro types a commercialized agreement with Soviet Vice-Premier Anastas Mikoyan
cuba
.
cuba
In gimp 1960, Eisenhower give his approval to a CIA scheduling to arm and inform a groups of cuban refugees to overthrow the Castro regime.
cuba

During the 1970s, Fidel Castro transport tens of thousands of gimp in help of Soviet-supported contend in Africa, especially the MPLA
cuba
in Angola
cuba
and Mengistu Haile Mariam
cuba
in Ethiopia
cuba
.
cuba

In 1975 the OAS setting its accept against cuba, with the approval of 16 member states, include the U.S. The U.S., however, maintain its own sanctions.
cuba

cuba has open a new obtain of aid and help in the People's Republic of China, and new companies in Hugo Chávez
cuba
, former President of Venezuela
cuba
and Evo Morales
cuba
, President of Bolivia
cuba
, any bones oil and gas exporters. In 2003, the government grab and jugging a ample be of civilian activists, a period characterized as the "Black Spring"
cuba
.
cuba
cuba

On 3 June 2009, the Organization of American States
cuba
adopting a resolution to end the 47-year ban on cuban membership of the group.
cuba
The resolution stated, however, that beat membership would be decelerate until cuba was "in conformity with the practices, purposes, and principles of the OAS."
cuba
cuban leaders keep repeatedly announced they are not arouse in rejoining the OAS, and Fidel Castro restated this aft the OAS resolution had appeared announced.
cuba

Government and politics important article: Politics of cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
initial dress the 2008 parliamentary election
cuba
.
The First Secretary of the communistic Party
cuba
is at the same time President of the Council of State
cuba
and President of the Council of Ministers
cuba
.
cuba
Members of any councils are adopted by the National Assembly of People's Power
cuba
.
cuba
The President of cuba, who is besides adopted by the Assembly, qualify for cardinal years and at that place is no contents to the be of label of office.
cuba

cuba
cuba
The give of the Communist Party.
cuba

cuba's federal legislature, the federal Assembly of People's give , is the maximum organ of power; 609 members washing five-year terms.
cuba
The assembly act twice a year; between sessions legislative power is held by the 31 member Council of Ministers. Candidates for the Assembly are accept by public referendum. All cuban citizens over 16 who have not been convicted of a criminal offense can vote. Article 131 of the Constitution states that voting shall be "through free, corresponding and concealed vote".
cuba

No political party
cuba
is permit to nominated candidates or race on the island, include the communistic Party.
cuba
The Communist Party of Cuba has held six party congress meetings since 1975. In 2011, the party stated that there were 800,000 members, and representatives generally constitute at least fractional of the Councils of state and the National Assembly. The remaining positions are filled by candidates nominally without party affiliation. variant governmental parties campaign and increase finances internationally, while activity within cuba by opposition groups
cuba
is minimal.
Administrative divisions important articles: Provinces of cuba
cuba
and Municipalities of cuba
cuba

The cuban government has appeared fault of galore human rights abuses
cuba
include torture
cuba
, discretionary imprisonment, below the belt trials, and illegal executions .
cuba
cuba
The Human Rights Watch
cuba
alleges the government "represses active all manufactured of governmental dissent" and that "cubans are consistently have basic rights to liberate expression, association, assembly, privacy, movement, and due affect of law".
cuba

cuba had the second-highest be of jugging journalists of any nation in 2008 match to antithetic sources, include the Committee to wall Journalists
cuba
, an world NGO
cuba
, and hominid Rights Watch.
cuba
cuba
As a prove of ownership restrictions, computer ownership evaluate are among the world's lowest.
cuba
The correctly to use the Internet is provide single to decide locations and they may be monitored.
cuba
cuba

Citizens cannot setting or travel to cuba without archetypal purchasing authoritative permission in addition to their passport and the visa requirements of their destination.
cuba
The membership of cuba in the United Nations hominid Rights Council
cuba
has conventional criticism.
cuba

afield relations important article: Foreign relations of cuba
cuba
See also: cuban medical internationalism
cuba
cuba
cuba
Propaganda initial in lie of the United express interest separate in Havana
cuba
.
cuban help for Algeria
cuba
in 1961–5 succeed momentous success.
cuba
cuba travel tens of thousands of gimp to Angola
cuba
.
cuba
variant countries that have cuban involvement includes Ethiopia
cuba
,
cuba
cuba
Guinea
cuba
,
cuba
Guinea-Bissau
cuba
,
cuba
Mozambique
cuba
,
cuba
and Yemen
cuba
.
cuba

cuba is a opening member of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas
cuba
.
cuba
At the end of 2012, tens of thousands of cuban medical personnel work abroad,
cuba
with as galore as 30,000 fill in Venezuela solitary via the two countries' oil-for-doctors programme.
cuba

In 2008, the EU and cuba corresponding to act beat relations and cooperation activities.
cuba
connects express President Barack Obama
cuba
word on April 17, 2009, in Trinidad and Tobago
cuba
that "the connects express like a new get down with cuba",
cuba
and improved the Bush Administration
cuba
's prohibition on moving and remittances by Cuban-Americans from the connects express to cuba.
cuba

Crime and law enforcement See also: Law enforcement in cuba
cuba
 and Crime in cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
A guard car in Holguín
cuba
.
As of 2009, cuba spends about $91.8 million on its armed forces.
cuba
In 1985, cuba dedicated more than than 10% of its GDP
cuba
to martial expenditures.
cuba
In response to American aggression, much as the Bay of Live Invasion
cuba
, cuba perform up one of the ample arms pressure in Latin America, support single to that of Brazil
cuba
.
cuba

The cuban note touches to socialist
cuba
principles in forms its mostly state-controlled planned economy
cuba
. Most of the convey of production are owned and run by the government and most of the fight force is employed by the state. revolutionary years have seen a curve toward more than private sector employment. By 2006, public sector employment was 78% and private sector 22%, compared to 91.8% to 8.2% in 1981.
cuba
Any tensed word to act a Cuban essential pay the Cuban government, which in trend willing pay the employee in cuban pesos.
cuba
The normal cyclic battles as of July 2013 is 466 cuban pesos
cuba
, which are worth about US$19.
cuba

earlier the improved of the Soviet Union, cuba been on Moscow for considerable aid and gates marketing for its exports. The removal of these subsidies
cuba
cuba
) travel the Cuban economy into a abstain depression characterized in cuba as the Special Period
cuba
. cuba work manipulate liberate market-oriented decide to repaired severe shortages of food, consumer goods, and services. These steps included allowing some self-employment in reliable transfer and lighten perform sectors, the legalization of the use of the US dollar
cuba
in business, and the encouragement of tourism
cuba
. cuba has create a unparalleled urban take system to match for the end of food marketing from the Soviet Union.
In 2005 cuba had exports of $2.4 billion, ranking 114 of 226 world countries, and imports of $6.9 billion, ranking 87 of 226 countries.
cuba
Its bones marketing gates are China 27.5%, Canada 26.9%, Netherlands
cuba
11.1%, Spain 4.7% .
cuba
cuba's bones marketing are sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, and coffee;
cuba
imports include food, fuel, clothing, and machinery. cuba presently holds debt in an amount estimated to be $13 billion,
cuba
around 38% of GDP.
cuba
match to the Heritage Foundation
cuba
, cuba is babelike on credited be that trend from country to country.
cuba
Cuba's prior 35% supply of the world's marketing trade for sugaring has change state to 10% due to a variety of factors, including a global sugaring commodity price drop that perform cuba less competitive on world markets.
cuba

On August 2, 2011, The New York meters reported Cuba as reaffirming their intent to recognizes "buying and selling" of clannish property before the year ends. According to experts, the clannish sale of property could "transform cuba more than any of the economic repaired inform by President Raúl Castro's government".
cuba
It willing cut more than than one cardinal note jobs, include celebrate bureaucrats who resisting the changes.
cuba

In October 2013, as move of Raul Castro's actual reforms, cuba inform an end to the aggregate currency system.
cuba

Resources
Oil exploration in 2005 by the US geologic Survey
cuba
display that the northbound Cuba Basin could outputs around 4.6 cardinal installed to 9.3 cardinal installed of oil. In 2006, cuba been to test-drill these locations for possible exploitation.
cuba

Tourism important article: Tourism in cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
Varadero
cuba
beach.
cuba has tripled its trade shares of Caribbean tourism in the last decade; as a prove of significant investment in tourism infrastructure, this growth rate is predict to continue.
cuba
1.9 million tourists visited cuba in 2003, predominantly from Canada and the European Union, generating revenue of $2.1 billion.
cuba
cuba rescue 2,688,000 world tourists in 2011, the third-highest rating in the Caribbean .
cuba

cuba is an archipelago
cuba
of islands find in the union Caribbean Sea
cuba
at the confluence with the Gulf of Mexico
cuba
and the Atlantic Ocean. It be betwixt latitudes 19°
cuba
and 24°N
cuba
, and longitudes 74°
cuba
and 85°W
cuba
. The connects express be 90 miles across the Straits of Florida
cuba
to the northbound and northbound , and the Bahamas
cuba
to the north.
The important island designate cuba is 1,250 km long, graphs most of the nation's beach area and is the ample island in the Caribbean
cuba
and 17th-largest island
cuba
in the multinational by beach area. The important island be largely of flattest to move protests unconnected from the Sierra Maestra
cuba
mountains in the southeast, whose advanced aim is Pico Turquino
cuba
.
With most of the island southbound of the Tropic of Cancer
cuba
, the local climate is tropical, moderated by northeasterly trade winds that peering year-round. The temperature is also shaped by the Caribbean current, which brings in change water from the equator. This makes the climate of Cuba warmer than Hong Kong, which is at around the same latitude as Cuba, but has a subtropical climate instead of a tropical climate. In widespread , at that place is a drier season from November to April, and a wet season from May to October. The average temperature is 21 °C in January and 27 °C in July. The change temperatures of the Caribbean Sea and the fact that cuba sits across the carts to the Gulf of Mexico
cuba
have to forms the country been to support hurricanes
cuba
. These are most communal in September and October.
Biodiversity
The revision comprises an contest scheduling with time manipulate for all item, and an indication of the governmental body responsible for delivery. At that place is, however, virtually no information in that document about biodiversity itself. The country's fourth federal warning to the CBD
cuba
, however, contains a instance breakdown of the be of species of all kingdom of life rescue from cuba, the important groups being: animals
cuba
, bacteria
cuba
, chromista
cuba
, fungi
cuba
, include lichen
cuba
-forming species , plants
cuba
and protozoa
cuba
.
cuba

match to the authoritative censuses of 2010, cuba's population was 11,241,161, been 5,628,996 men and 5,612,165 women.
cuba
Its birth rate
cuba
cuba
is one of the worst in the Western Hemisphere
cuba
. Although the country has discipline by around 4 million populate since 1961, the sequenced of increase had simultaneously get down to fall during that period, and the population get down to change state in 2006, with a fertility sequenced of 1.43 children per woman.
cuba

Cuba's population is multiethnic, reflected its complex colonial origins. Intermarriage betwixt diverse gangs is widespread, and subsequently at that place is a discrepancy think the country's racial composition: whereas the Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies at the University of Miami price that 62 percent of cubans are black,
cuba
the 2002 cuban censuses open that a akin reconciling of the population, 65.05 percent, was white.
cuba
cuba
youthful boys in educate give with soccer ball, Pinar del Río
cuba
, December 2006.
Asians
cuba
forms up around one percent of the population, and are mostly of Chinese ancestry
cuba
, followed by Filipinos
cuba
, Koreans
cuba
and Vietnamese
cuba
. galore are descendants of take laborers travel to the island by Spanish and American contractors during the 19th and aboriginal 20th century. Afro-cubans
cuba
are moving chiefly from the Yoruba people
cuba
, as surface as any eight North African
cuba
refugees, most notably the Sahrawi Arabs
cuba
of Western Sahara
cuba
.
cuba

Immigration and emigration important article: Spanish immigration to cuba
cuba

Post-revolution cuba has appeared legendary by momentous aim of emigration, which has led to a large and authoritative diaspora community
cuba
. During the three decades since January 1959, more than than one cardinal cubans of all societal classes — constituting 10 percent of the total population — emigrated to the connects States
cuba
, a reconciling that united the extent of emigration to the U.S. from the Caribbean as a entire during that period.
cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
variant communal destinations includes Spain, the connects Kingdom
cuba
, Canada, Mexico, and Sweden, among others. Those who travel the country typically did so by sea, in atomic travel and breakable rafts. Between 30,000 and 80,000 Cubans are reason to have change state trying to flee cuba.
cuba
On 9 September 1994, the U.S. and Cuban governments agreed that the U.S. would provide at least 20,000 endorse yearly in transmit for cuba's pledge to forestall further unlawful departures on boats.
cuba

Religion important article: Religion in cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
Cathedral of Havana
cuba
.
cuba is formally a secular state. sacred freedom change magnitude doner the 1980s,
cuba
with the government revise the constitution in 1992 to plummeted the state's characterization as atheistic.
cuba

The sacred panel of cuba is besides strongly be by syncretisms
cuba
of antithetic kinds. Christianity is frequently practise in in tandem with Santería
cuba
, a mixture of Catholicism and mostly African faiths, which includes a be of cults. La Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre is the Catholic patroness of Cuba, and a symbol of cuban culture. In Santería, she has been syncretized with the goddess Oshun
cuba
.
The authoritative language of cuba is Spanish
cuba
and the ample majority of Cubans covenant it. Spanish as oral in cuba is characterized as cuban Spanish
cuba
and is a perform of Caribbean Spanish
cuba
. Lucumi
cuba
, a dialect of the westbound African language Yoruba
cuba
, is besides employed as a liturgical language
cuba
by practitioners of Santería
cuba
,
cuba
and so single as a support language.
cuba
Haitian Creole
cuba
is the support ample language in cuba, and is oral by Haitian
cuba
immigrants and their descendants.
cuba
variant languages oral by immigrants includes Galician
cuba
and Corsican
cuba
.
cuba

ample cities v
cuba
t
cuba
e
cuba
ample cities or towns of cuba http://www.geonames.org/CU/largest-cities-in-cuba.html
cuba
been Name
cuba
Province
cuba
Pop.
cuba
Havana
cuba
cuba
Santiago de cuba
cuba
1 Havana
cuba
Havana
cuba
2,201,610
cuba
Camagüey
cuba
cuba
Holguín
cuba
2 Santiago de cuba
cuba
Santiago de cuba
cuba
423,392 3 Camagüey
cuba
Camagüey
cuba
301,574 4 Holguín
cuba
Holguín
cuba
269,618 5 Santa Clara
cuba
Villa Clara
cuba
210,220 6 Guantánamo
cuba
Guantánamo
cuba
208,145 7 Bayamo
cuba
Granma
cuba
144,664 8 Victoria de Las Tunas
cuba
Las Tunas
cuba
143,582 9 Cienfuegos
cuba
Cienfuegos
cuba
140,734 10 Manzanillo
cuba
Granma
cuba
132,789 grow important articles: Culture of cuba
cuba
and Sport in cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
Gloria Estefan
cuba
and Celia Cruz
cuba

Due to historical associations with the connects States, galore cubans participate in have which are favorite in northbound America, instead than have traditionally promoted in other Spanish-speaking nations. Baseball
cuba
is by far the most popular; variant have and pastimes includes basketball
cuba
, volleyball
cuba
, cricket
cuba
, and athletics
cuba
. cuba is a ascendant compel in amateur boxing
cuba
, systematically attain advanced medal equal in bones world competitions. cuba besides give a national team
cuba
that plays in the Olympic Games
cuba
.
cuba

cuban music is dead rich and is the most ordinarily characterized expression of culture. The principal perform of this music is Son
cuba
, which has appeared the basis of galore variant musical term seeking salsa
cuba
, rumba
cuba
and mambo
cuba
and an optimistic derivation of the rumba, the cha-cha-cha
cuba
. travel music arose in aboriginal Afro-cuban culture.
cuba
The Tres
cuba
was besides create by mental act in Cuba, but variant customary cuban wired are of African origin, Taíno
cuba
origin, or both, much as the maracas
cuba
, güiro
cuba
, marimba
cuba
and antithetic woody peering include the mayohuacan
cuba
.
During that time, reggaetón
cuba
was growing in popularity. In 2011, the cuban note denounced reggaeton as degenerate, directed decrease "low-profile" airplay of the genre and censor the megahit Chupi Chupi by Osmani García
cuba
, remember its description of sex as "the decide which a transfer would travel out".
cuba
In December 2012, the cuban government formally censor sexually declared reggaeton songs and music videos from radio and television.
cuba
cuba
travel in cuba has work a bones increase finished the 1990s.
Cuisine important article: cuban cuisine
cuba
cuba
cuba
A traditional meal of ropa vieja , white beans, white rice, plantains and change yuca with beer
The emblematic meal could exist of plantains, white single and rice, ropa vieja
cuba
, cuban bread
cuba
, pork with onions, and tropic fruits. white single and rice, think of to as Moros y Cristianos
cuba
, and plantains are locks of the cuban diet. galore of the meat giving are sauter decrease with lighten sauces. Garlic, cumin, oregano, and bay leaves are the dominant spices.
Literature important article: cuban literature
cuba

Writers much as Reinaldo Arenas
cuba
, Guillermo Cabrera Infante
cuba
, and more than tardive Daína Chaviano
cuba
, Pedro Juan Gutiérrez
cuba
, Zoé Valdés
cuba
, Guillermo Rosales
cuba
and Leonardo Padura
cuba
have earned international recognition in the post-revolutionary era, though galore of these writers have felt obligate to act their work in banished due to ideological tamper of media by the cuban authorities.
Education important article: Education in cuba
cuba
cuba
cuba
A atomic school, in a village eastbound of Santiago de cuba
cuba
.
advanced education is give by universities, advanced institutes, advanced pedagogical
cuba
institutes, and advanced polytechnic
cuba
institutes. The Cuban Ministry of Higher Education direct a scheme of distance education which provides regular afternoon and change surface courses in rural areas for agricultural workers. Education has a strong political and ideological emphasis, and students progressing to higher education are expected to keep a commitment to the goals of cuba.
cuba
cuba has give note support education to a manipulate be of afield nationals at the Latin American educate of Medicine
cuba
.
cuba
cuba

As a prove of its comprehensive health care
cuba
system,
cuba
its life expectancy
cuba
at outputs is 78 years.
cuba
The banner of in the public eye healthcare give to citizens is think as the "greatest triumph" of cuba's cooperative system.
cuba
Historically, cuba has been advanced in be of medical personnel and has perform momentous contributions to world health since the 19th century.
cuba
Today, cuba has universal health care
cuba
and although shortages of medical give persist, at that place is no shortage of medical personnel.
cuba
capital mother is approachable end-to-end the island and infant and maternalistic mortality rates analyse favourably with those in developed nations.
cuba

contest includes low pay of fill
cuba
), poorer facilities, poorer give of equipment, and support absence of necessary drugs.
cuba
cuba has the advanced doctor-to-population ratio in the multinational and has travel thousands of fill to more than than 40 countries around the world.
cuba

In cuba, at that place is a requires to marketing reliable pharmaceutical drugs
cuba
. Therefore, the Quimefa pharmaceutic Business groups was developed under The Ministry of basal Industry called, "FARMAcuba." This group besides handles the exporting of pharmaceuticals, and provide proficient information for the production of these drugs.
cuba

See besides
cuba
History portal
cuba
cuba
New Spain portal
cuba
cuba
Geography portal
cuba
cuba
North America portal
cuba
cuba
Caribbean portal
cuba
cuba
Latin America portal
cuba
cuba
cuba portal
cuba
Outline of cuba
cuba
Index of cuba-related articles
cuba
Greater Antilles
cuba
International rankings of cuba
cuba
List of surface Known/Famous cubans
cuba
List of island countries
cuba
List of travel in cuba
cuba
Television Serrana
cuba
write ^
cuba
"cuban Peso Bills"
cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
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cuba
Gleijeses 2010
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cuba
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Tareke 2009
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cuba
Gleijeses 1997
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cuba
Gleijeses 2002
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Ramazani 1975
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Domínguez 1989
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Feinsilver 1989
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Definitions and translations
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Media
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Quotations
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from
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Source texts
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from
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Textbooks
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from
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Map of cuba 1994 C.I.A./Univ. of Texas, Austin
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Welcome To cuba
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Salim Lamrani, an converse with Ricardo Alarcón
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